Norfolk, Virginia Beach, Chesapeake, Portsmouth, Suffolk

History of Hampton Roads: Chesapeake

                      City Hall - VA Chesapeake

                              Chesapeake Municipal Center Sign

Hampton Roads is the name of both a body of water and the region of land areas which surround it in southeastern Virginia in the USA. Hampton Roads weather is mild and it has a flurry of snow every couple of years.  There are many military bases with the  United States Navy, Coast Guard, Air Force, NASA, Marines, and Army facilities call this area home.  There are also shipyards, coal piers, and hundreds of miles of waterfront property and beaches, all of which contribute to the diversity and stability of the region's economy.  It is comprised by the cities of Norfolk, Virginia Beach, Chesapeake, Suffolk, Portsmouth, Newport News, Hampton and Williamsburg.  Each city has it's own character.  As a history lover, I will attempt to gather information on each city.  Chesapeake is one in this series.

                                        American Indian and civil war era articles.  VA Chesapeake

"These articles are the the Chesapeake Central Library.  These articles were found in the area of Indian River.

History of Chesapeake and it's surroundings by Date after Christopher Columbus discovery of America


On April 10 1606, two companies were authorized to be created by King James for the purpose of settlement of Virginia.  Virginia was defined as the land between the 34th and 45th degrees of North Latitude from the Cape Fear River in North Carolina to Passamaquoddy By in Main. The Plymouth company would settle the northern region and the London Company, the southern region.


On May 13, 1607 representative of the London company and their band of settlers began a settlement on the river they named James at a place they called Jamestown.


On 11 November 1618, the number of settlements and settler in the regions along Chesapeake Bay and the James river having increase, the Council in London ordered that the colony be divide in to four "corporations" for the purpose of local administration with each to be a parish of the Church.  Sir George Yearldley was appointed governor of the county-parish system.  The corporation of Elizabeth City included the are that later became the counties of Elizabeth City, Warwick, Isle of Wight, Southampton, Nansemond, Norfolk and Princess Anne and the cities that were carved from them.


Elizabeth city conuty was created from part of the corporation of Elizabeth City.


The County of New Norfolk (area south of the James River and Hampton Roads) was partitioned from Elizabeth City County.


The County of New Norfolk was subdivided into Upper Norfolk county (formerly Nansemond County, now the City of Suffolk)


Lower Norfolk county was divided in to Norfolk County and Princess Anne County.


Norfolk was established as a town and port.


The Borough of Norfolk was established.


Portsmouth became a town.


American Patriots defetaed the British in the Battle of Great Bridge on December 9. This was the first land battle of the American Revolution fougth in the Colony of Virginia.

                                       Replica of Great Bridge at the time of the Battle of Great Bridge.


The Dismal Swamp Canal opened, providing for water traffic between the Albemarle Sound and the port of Hampton Roads.


The city of Norfolk was partitioned from Norfolk County.


The City of Portmouth was partitioned from Norfolk County.


The Elizabeth City & Norfolk Railroad was completed, connecting Norfolk and Edenton on a route that runs through the City of Chesapeake.  The name was later change to Norfolk Southern Railroad. Today, it is the chesapeaek & Albemarle Railroad.


South Norfolk was partitioned from Norfolk County as a second-class city.


South Norfolk became a first-class city.


The remaining part of Norfolk County and the City of South Norfolk merged to become the City of Chesapeake.

=Information compiled by Elizabeth Bawn Hanbury.


To buy or sale real estate in the VA Chesapeake, Norfolk, Virginia Beach, Portsmouth or Suffolk, Virginia visit my website at

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Comment balloon 0 commentsTere Rottink • June 19 2009 11:28PM
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